Accumulating evidence shows Ancient Roman and Carthaginian sailors appear to have explored North America long before the Vikings or Columbus.
Some of the data includes artifacts and inscriptions found in Canada and dating back thousands of years.
An Ancient Roman sword and several Roman crossbow bolts found in Nova Scotia have been authenticated through x-ray fluorescence testing.
Archaeologists believe Carthaginian King Hanno II landed in the New World with part of a fleet of ships around 500 B.C.
The Carthaginians erected three 'stelae' (stone slabs), each stating in Carthaginian script, ‘By this Hanno takes possession’. According to Phoenician history specialist Roy Decker, the stelae were erected in Sherbrooke, Quebec and Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and near Hawley, Pennsylvania.
The stelae measure about 45 X 15 inches. The Sherbrooke stela is known as 'Petro Rock 13'.
The 'Bourne Stone' in Cape Cod records the annexation of Massachusetts to Hanno, the Carthaginian king.
Carthaginian oil lamps, beads and other "anomalous finds" attributed to the presence of Hanno, Commander of the Carthaginians, have been unearthed along the St. Lawrence River, and date back to about 370 B.C.
A 3,000-year-old Egyptian mummy of Henut Taui, found in a desert tomb near Cairo, has been found to contain large amounts of tobacco and cocaine; substances only available historically in the Americas.
The mummy of Pharaoh Rameses II (ca.1200 B.C.) contained significant amounts of cocaine, tobacco and cannabis, according to toxicologist Michele Lescott at the Paris National History Museum. At that time, those substances were available only in the New World, according to toxicologist Svelta Balabanova.
Roman rock inscriptions dated about 800-200 B.C. occur in West Virginia, at Susquehanna in Pennsylvania, Bourne in Massachusetts, North Salem in New Hampshire and in central Vermont. At Grave Creek, West Virginia, a Phoenician tablet found at a depth of 60 feet, reads "the mound raised for Tasash, his queen requested it" (dated at 900 B.C.).
A figurine at Mount Hope, Rhode Island, bears the inscription, "Mariners of Tarshish (an ancient Phoenician city in Spain about 700 B.C.) this rock proclaims.”
Ancient Celtic artifacts and inscriptions dated at about 1200-300 B.C. abound in New England. Rock tablets have been found in North Salem, South Woodstock in Vermont, Royaltown in Vermont and Raymond in New York.
A Phoenician tablet found at Moundsville in West Virginia (ca. 570 B.C.) reads "the memorial of Teth, this title, his brother caused to be made.”
Part of an Ancient Roman ship were found in Texas in 1915 under 15 feet of sediment. The structure was later verified by Valentine Belfiglio at Texas Woman's Hospital.
Ancient Minoan script (ca.2000-1400 B.C.) was deciphered on the 'Minoan Stone' discovered in the 1960s in Georgia, according to Stanislav Segert at the University of Prague.
An ancient tablet from Eagle Neck, Long Island, states in old Egyptian script, “A ship's crew from Upper Egypt made this stela with respect to their expedition.”
These, and many other findings, comprise sufficient evidence that ancient mariners visited the New World millennia ago, apparently voyaging across the Atlantic Ocean in flimsy vessels.